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Agra  
The ancient monuments of Agra, are the evidence of rich historical background of the city. The Din-i-llahi religion marks its origin on the land of Agra, which flourished during Akbar's reign. Several rulers contributed to the glorious bygone era, witnessed by opulent forts and other monuments. The earliest reference for Agra dates back to the Mahabharata age, when it was referred as Arya Griha or the abode of the Aryans. It is believed that the city was established by Sikandar Lodhi in 1506. taj mahal agra

After the death of Sikandar Lodhi, the throne was ascended by his son Ibrahim Lodhi. Agra remained the capital city during the Lodhi regime, from where they governed the entire empire. In 1526, Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodhi in the First battle of Panipat and took over the control of administration. During his reign, Agra flourished with great architectural skill. The Persian style built garden, Aram Bagh or Garden of relaxation with beautiful green surroundings offers complete peace to soul and mind.

The city also features many other excellent pieces of architecture, built by the great Mughal emperor Akbar. It is said to be believed that Akbar laid the foundation of the modern city, dating back to 1558 and was hence referred as Akbarabad. He lavished on this city, his endless love and richness, resultant the city houses some marvellous architectural wonders like Fatehpur Sikri and Red Fort. Apart from this, he made the Agra a center for learning, art, commerce and religion.

Jahangir, another Mughal ruler was a great nature lover. He created many beautiful gardens inside the Red fort. Shah Jahan was a great patron of art and architecture. One of the world famous white marble mausoleum, Taj Mahal was constructed by him, in the loving memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal. Later on, Shah Jahan shifted the capital to Delhi, but his son Aurangzeb transfered the capital back to Akbarabad (Agra). It remained the capital city for few years and was then shifted to Aurangabad (Deccan) in 1653. After the decline of Mughal dynasty, the city was sacked by Marathas and Jats and was called Agra. In 1803, the city came under the influence of British empire.